Sikyon survey project

The 2005 season

Archaeological survey - South Plateau

We subsequently moved to the Southern Plateau, which was less covered in 2004.

Absolute sherd and rooftile counts from the 2004 and 2005 survey in the South Plateau.

Distribution of architectural fragments from the 2004 and 2005 survey in the South Plateau.

We investigated more of the ceramic workshop area that we had spotted in 2004 and we have probably found its boundaries.

Ceramic wasters from SP 22.14.

Ceramic wasters were found in many tracts (SP 4, 6, 10, 14-18, 20, 22, 24, 26) over an area of 3 hectares. The pottery counted in the center of the ceramic industry, which is in Tracts 16 and 17, reaches 2000 sherds/square (that is 5 sherds/m2), whereas other tracts of the southern plateau average 600-800 sherds per square (1.5-2 sherds/m2). Among the hundreds of overfired and misfired sherds that we have collected, at least 198 are diagnostic pieces. Their preliminary study showed that their majority belong to transport amphoras, and the rest to plain and cook wares. A good number of the amphora sherds belong to the Dressel 1B type which was widespread in the late 2nd and 1st cent. B.C. This is also the period of abandonment of Corinth (after its destruction by L. Mummius in 146 BC and before its re-foundation as a colony in 44 BC).

Other classes of artifacts recovered from this area in the 2005 season include rooftiles (mostly glazed or unglazed Lakonian), loomweights, lamp fragments, stone grinders, as well as eight coins, seven bronze and one silver, six of the Hellenistic period, one of Roman Imperial and one of early Byzantine date.

Architectural blocks, most of them scattered and few in situ, were found in most tracts, and many of them are being used by the modern inhabitants in order to fill in ancient wells. Some of the blocks have traces of anathyrosis, while others belong to thresholds and door lintels.

Capital of a double Ionic half-column from SP 19.5.

Traces of an east-west wall in SP 13.33-34. likely defines the north part of a city-block (view from the west

Well filled in with ancient stone blocks in SP 12.7.

Fragments of an ancient wellhead in SP 13.2.

Among the hundreds of fragments, we can single out a capital of a double Ionic half-column, 0.44 m. wide, found in SP 19.5. The capital resembles the ones found by Orlandos in the palaestra complex of the ancient agora.

In two adjacent tracts (SP 12.7 and 13.26) we found two cylindrical wells, 0.77 and 0.85 m wide and approximately 7 m deep. We were able to investigate the interior of one of them down to the bottom. It is bottle-shaped and has cuttings carved on its cylindrical part that serve as a ladder for inspection and maintenance.

In the same tract we found two fragments of a wellhead, with light grooves on the inner side for ropes.

From a number of in situ walls that we recorded in the Southern Plateau, especially important is the one traced for 25 m in adjacent squares SP 13.33-34 and oriented E-W, because it most likely defines part of a city-block. A second wall, 15 m long and of N-S orientation, was found in adjacent squares SP 19.3-5. Together with the other architectural remains recorded and mapped so far they confirm the orientation of the urban grid along the cardinal points.